Our New Quote Wallpapers for Revision

 Blog, Organisational Behaviour  Comments Off on Our New Quote Wallpapers for Revision
Dec 212014

We’ve been busy making some wallpapers for here and My Human Resource Management Book today, so check them out and add them to your wallpaper folder!

Perception Wallpaper Motivation at Work Wallpaper Job Design in Organisations Wallpaper Groups and Teams in Organisations Wallpaper Culture in Organisations Wallpaper Behaviours in Organisations Wallpapers Attitudes in Organisations Wallpaper

Feb 142011

Motivation Definition: The reason or reasons to act in a particular way. It is what makes us do things and carry out tasks for the organisation. However, motivation is often used as an excuse, a lack of motivation for not doing anything. This is why in an organisation discipline needs to be used, to inspire the fact that motivation isn’t always needed, but discipline to get the job done is.

What is Motivation?

Motivation is that which energises, directs and sustains behaviour

(Steers & Porter 1979)

Motivation is important within organisations because managers need to know how to motivate their staff, so that they work harder, enjoy work life more and in turn generate more profit for the company. Its important to know; how people are motivated, why people are motivated and also how the manager themselves are motivated, because if they aren’t then it is very unlikely that the rest of the team will be.

How to Motivate Employees

Although everyone is motivated differently, as they require different things to make them happy and content, there are a set of aspects which will normally work on most people.

  • Money
  • Health Care
  • Flexitime

These are just a few, if we dive more into the theories though we can see a lot more;

Theories of Motivation

Motivational Quotes

In many situations motivational quotes are used to try and energise employees. A sample of these are shown below;

Motivation will almost always beat mere talent.

– Norman Ralph Augustine

Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time.

– Thomas A. Edison

The secret of getting ahead is getting started.

– Mark Twain

Arnold Schwarzenegger – “Who do YOU want to be in life?”

One of my favourite motivational videos, from the great Arnie!

 Key Learning Points

  1. How Would You Define Motivation?
  2. Why is Discipline Important?
  3. How Would You Motivate an Employee?
Feb 142011

Perception Definition: A perception is a belief held by a person, or many people, based upon how they see the world around them.

What is Perception?

the process of selecting, organising and interpreting information in order to make sense of the world around us

(Bratton: 2010, 500)

the dynamic and complex way in which individuals select information (stimuli) from the environment, interpret and translate it so that a  meaning is assigned which will result in a pattern of behaviour or thought

(Mullins: 2010, 829)

Perception in Organisations

Often the main aspects of perception in an organisation is how an individual views others, as this can be a major point in how that person will behave within the business. It is also a aspect of how an individual is motivated within an organisation. If they preserve people in a certain way than they may believe they are disliked, not listened to or ignored by this person and therefore their motivation to do anything will be far smaller. This is why in organisations there needs to be a way of making sure employees fit before being hired and then when they are hired their first perceptions of others need to be good.

To achieve a good first impression companies will often introduce new employees and current employees in ways which show off key skills, highlight the importance of these people to the team, so that perceptions are built around positives instead of negatives. The perceptual process is how organisations cope with the aforementioned.

Perception Process

  1. Receiving Stimuli – Picking up all external and internal factors.
  2. Selecting Stimuli – Selecting the stimuli which will be most important – This is where the introduction of new employees is important, they need to be presented in a way where the selected stimuli are positive.
  3. Organising – Grouping and selecting which are the perceptions to keep.
  4. Interpreting – Fundamental Attribution Error, stereotyping, Halo Effect and projection.
  5. Response – The perception is then turned into attitudes, motivation, feelings and beliefs, which will change the behaviours of the individuals.

Theories of Perception

Learn more about perception in organisations by looking at the following theories;

Key Learning Points

  1. What is the Definition for Perception?
  2. What is the Fundamental Attribution Error Theory?
  3. What are the Gestalt Principles?

Organisational Behaviour Theories to Learn for Exam

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Jan 122011

The following is just a list of the Organisational Behaviour Theories that you will probably need to learn for an OB exam.

Organisational Behaviour

  • Multidisciplinary Approach
  • Fundamental Attribution Error


  • One General Intelligence
  • Theories of Multiple Intelligence
  • Emotional Intelligence


  • Predicting Job Performance
  • Cattell’s 16 Personality Factors (16PF)
  • 2 Dimensions of Personality
  • Big Five Model
  • Psyche (Freud)
  • Personality Types A and B


  • Gestalt Principles
  • Fundamental Attribution Error


  • Motivation Model
  • Common-sense 1, 2 and 3
  • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
  • Herzberg’s Two-factor Theory
  • Modified Needs Hierarchy Model
  • Achievement Motivation Theory
  • Expectancy Theory
  • Goal-setting Theory

Attitudes and Behaviour

  • Organisational Behaviour Modification
  • Social Cognitive Learning Theory
  • Single and Double-loop Learning

Job Design

  • Taylor’s Five Principles of Scientific Management
  • McDonaldization
  • Core Job Characteristics Model
  • Motivating Potential Score
  • Analysis of Job Characteristics Model

Groups and Team

  • Building an Effective Team
  • Five Conditions of Successful Teamwork
  • Stages of Team Development
  • Adair’s Three Circles
  • The Four Phases and Seven Stages of Team Development

Social Cognitive Theory: Attitudes and Behaviour

 Attitudes and Behaviours in Organisations  Comments Off on Social Cognitive Theory: Attitudes and Behaviour
Dec 112010

Attitudes Definition: An attitude is a way of thinking or feeling about something, a certain state of mind at the time.

Behaviours Definition: Behaviour is defined as the way one acts towards themselves and others around them. To link the two we could say that due to the attitude a person has towards spiders, he/she may behave differently.

Social Cognitive Theory Definition: This theory is all about learning from watching what others do, and then replicating their behaviour. It is common everywhere in the world, children learn from their parents, then from their teachers and later on in life they learn how to work by following others with more experience.

Albert Bandura (1925)

The following video is a great resource for learning about this theory, and learning by listening is always better than learning by reading!

Key Learning Points

  1. Define Attitudes?
  2. Define Behaviours?
  3. What is the Social Cognitive Theory?

Organisational Behaviour Modification: Attitudes and Behaviour

 Attitudes and Behaviours in Organisations  Comments Off on Organisational Behaviour Modification: Attitudes and Behaviour
Dec 112010

Attitudes Definition: An attitude is a way of thinking or feeling about something, a certain state of mind at the time.

Behaviours Definition: Behaviour is defined as the way one acts towards themselves and others around them. To link the two we could say that due to the attitude a person has towards spiders, he/she may behave differently.

Organisational Behaviour Modification Definition: A way of changing behaviours and attitudes by using technology and new found knowledge to influence employees to act in different ways.

Luthans and Kreitner

Luthans and Kreitner orchestrated the way of altering people’s behaviour in business. Behaviour modification first started out in treating mental patients etc. but was soon discovered to be practical in many other areas.

Organisation Behaviour Modification Five Steps

  1. Identify the critical, observable and measurable work performance-related behaviours to be encouraged
  2. Measure the current frequency of those behaviours, to provide a baseline against which to measure improvement.
  3. Establish the triggers or antecedents for those behaviours, and also establish the consequences – positive, neutral or negative – that follow from those behaviours
  4. Develop and intervention strategy to strengthen desired behaviours and weaken dysfunction behaviours through the user of positive reinforcement and corrective feedback, noting that punishment may be necessary in some instances, for example to inhibit unsafe behaviour.
  5. Evaluate systematically the effectiveness of the approach in changing behaviour and improving performance compared with the original baseline measurement.

Luthans and Kreitner (1985)

Dec 042010

Personality Definition: A personality is a mixture of a person’s characteristics, beliefs and qualities which make them who they are.

What is the Definition of Personality?

“A relatively enduring pattern of thinking, feeling and acting that characterizes a person’s response to her or his environment”

Bratton (2010)

Importance of Personality in an Organisation?

Personality is a key element in an organisation as it defines what the culture will be like, what the attitudes and behaviours are and in turn the success of the company.

When hiring a person their personality needs to fit in with the rest of the company so that the culture which has been created, can be kept the same and a company can continue striving for results. Although in most cases this is true, personality can also be important when a company needs a change in direction, as a new personality, say in the CEO position of a business, can dramatically alter the way the company works and therefore how well the company does in terms of revenue and profit.

Therefore the Human Resource Management section of a company really needs to figure out a personality before they are hired. This is why a number of questions are asked in terms of motivation, personal development and hobbies, as matching these with what the company already has is the best way of getting the right culture.

If you would like to read more about personality within organisations and management, then please read the following theories;

Predicting Job Performance

Reinforcement Theory: Attitudes and Behaviour

 Attitudes and Behaviours in Organisations  Comments Off on Reinforcement Theory: Attitudes and Behaviour
Dec 042010

Attitudes Definition: An attitude is a way of thinking or feeling about something, a certain state of mind at the time.

Behaviours Definition: Behaviour is defined as the way one acts towards themselves and others around them. To link the two we could say that due to the attitude a person has towards spiders, he/she may behave differently.

Reinforcement Theory Definition: The main aspect of the reinforcement theory is that when behaviour is reinforced, then it will be repeated and used again, when if the behaviour is not reinforced, then that behaviour will continue you the same and not change, therefore if this behaviour is currently bad, it will stay that way, unless something is done.

The Reinforcement Theory starts to look into punishment and reward for behaviour. This is what Skinner started to go into, saying that punishment was needed to make sure people stay on the right track and produce work which is of an adequate quality.

Positive Reinforcement

A way to try and make people have desirable behaviour by making sure there are positive consequences when the right behaviour is used.

Negative Reinforcement

The opposite to positive, when bad behaviour happens then the consequence will be bad, this tries to encourage positive reinforcement.

(Skinner, 1904-1990)

Key Learning Points

  1. How Do You Define Attitudes?
  2. How Do You Define Behaviours?
  3. What is the Reinforcement Theory?
Dec 042010

Organisational Behaviour and Management comes with many different theories. On My Organisational Behaviour we are trying to provide you with an overview of each of these theories, as well as this I’ll be trying to add more depth in future posts. Take a look at the current available theories below:

Theories of Intelligence

Theories of Personality

Theories of Motivation

Theories of Perception

Theories of Attitudes and Behaviour

Organisational Behaviour

 Expand Your Understanding, Organisational Behaviour  Comments Off on Organisational Behaviour
Dec 042010

Organisational Behaviour is a multi-disciplined approach to how an organisation works. It takes into account the personality system of a organisation, the cultural system and also the social system.

A lot has been written up about Organisational Behaviour, and many theories have been made to try and show us what the whole concept is. On this website you should hopefully get an idea of what it is, and how we use it within management to get the most of of employees and ourselves.

Take a look at the following pages to learn a bit more;

What is Organisational Behaviour?

Intelligence in Organisations

Personality in Organisations

Motivation in Organisations

Perception in Organisations

Groups and Teams in Organisations

Job Design in Organisation

Culture in Organisations