Organisational Behaviour Theories to Learn for Exam

 Organisational Behaviour, Theories  Comments Off on Organisational Behaviour Theories to Learn for Exam
Jan 122011
 

The following is just a list of the Organisational Behaviour Theories that you will probably need to learn for an OB exam.

Organisational Behaviour

  • Multidisciplinary Approach
  • Fundamental Attribution Error

Intelligence

  • One General Intelligence
  • Theories of Multiple Intelligence
  • Emotional Intelligence

Personality

  • Predicting Job Performance
  • Cattell’s 16 Personality Factors (16PF)
  • 2 Dimensions of Personality
  • Big Five Model
  • Psyche (Freud)
  • Personality Types A and B

Perception

  • Gestalt Principles
  • Fundamental Attribution Error

Motivation

  • Motivation Model
  • Common-sense 1, 2 and 3
  • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
  • Herzberg’s Two-factor Theory
  • Modified Needs Hierarchy Model
  • Achievement Motivation Theory
  • Expectancy Theory
  • Goal-setting Theory

Attitudes and Behaviour

  • Organisational Behaviour Modification
  • Social Cognitive Learning Theory
  • Single and Double-loop Learning

Job Design

  • Taylor’s Five Principles of Scientific Management
  • McDonaldization
  • Core Job Characteristics Model
  • Motivating Potential Score
  • Analysis of Job Characteristics Model

Groups and Team

  • Building an Effective Team
  • Five Conditions of Successful Teamwork
  • Stages of Team Development
  • Adair’s Three Circles
  • The Four Phases and Seven Stages of Team Development
Jan 062011
 

Here are some practice exam questions for you to practice. If you find any more, please send them to me.

Intelligence

  1. Evaluate Spearman’s contribution to our understanding of intelligence.
  2. Compare and contrast a structural model of intelligence and a systems model of intelligence.  Explain the relevance to organisational behaviour.
  3. Define three different kinds of intelligence and evaluate the practical value of each within an organisational setting.

Personality

  1. Compare and contrast two different approaches to personality.
  2. You are a manager who wants to improve performance in your team.  With reference to two different theories, explain how an understanding of personality might help you practically.
  3. Evaluate the contribution of trait theories of personality to the study of Organisational Behaviour.

Intelligence in Organisations

 Intelligence in Organisations  Comments Off on Intelligence in Organisations
Dec 042010
 

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

Below are a few definitions from famous scholars.

What is Intelligence?

The capacity of individuals to process information and use the information to behave effectively (including the ability to learn from experience)

Arnold (2010)

Intelligence is what intelligence tests measure

Boring (1923)

Ability to adapt to a variety of situations both old and new; … to learn, … capacity for education, … ability to employ abstract concepts and to use a wide range of symbols and concepts

Phares (1987)

Capacity or readiness for new learning… to solve problems, reason and to achieve effective decisions

Miner (1992)

What is Emotional Intelligence?

Emotional intelligence is the ability to identify, integrate, understand and reflectively manage our own and other people’s feelings.

There are two views on emotional intelligence, one being from the point of view of ‘Positivists’ and the other from the point of view of ‘Constructivist / Interpretivits’.

Read more about Emotional intelligence.

Key Learning Points

  1. Define Intelligence?
  2. Define Knowledge?
  3. What is the Difference Between Intelligence and Knowledge?
  4. What is the Definition of Emotional Intelligence?

Theories of Multiple Intelligences: Intelligence

 Intelligence in Organisations  Comments Off on Theories of Multiple Intelligences: Intelligence
Dec 042010
 

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

Theories of Multiple Intelligences Definition: The theories of multiple intelligences, also known as ‘systems models of intelligence’ look into the other concepts of intelligence, instead of just concentrating on the cognitive ability theories.

Gardner (1983)

Gardner believed that there were 7 different types of intelligence within each persons brains, these could affect each other, but were presented as independent. The following are the 7 intelligences from Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences;

  1. Linguistic
  2. Spatial
  3. Musical
  4. Logical-mathematical
  5. Bodily Kinaesthetic
  6. Interpersonal
  7. Intrapersonal

Sternberg (1985)

This theory of multiple intelligence builds on Spearman’s one general intelligence theory, but instead of going for just the theory of ‘g’, it extends it by saying there are three subtheories, which are as follows;

  • Analytical intelligence (Internal – Problem solving)
  • Creative intelligence (Internal/External – React to situations)
  • Practical intelligence (External – Real world intelligence)