Intelligence in Organisations

 Intelligence in Organisations  Comments Off on Intelligence in Organisations
Dec 042010
 

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

Below are a few definitions from famous scholars.

What is Intelligence?

The capacity of individuals to process information and use the information to behave effectively (including the ability to learn from experience)

Arnold (2010)

Intelligence is what intelligence tests measure

Boring (1923)

Ability to adapt to a variety of situations both old and new; … to learn, … capacity for education, … ability to employ abstract concepts and to use a wide range of symbols and concepts

Phares (1987)

Capacity or readiness for new learning… to solve problems, reason and to achieve effective decisions

Miner (1992)

What is Emotional Intelligence?

Emotional intelligence is the ability to identify, integrate, understand and reflectively manage our own and other people’s feelings.

There are two views on emotional intelligence, one being from the point of view of ‘Positivists’ and the other from the point of view of ‘Constructivist / Interpretivits’.

Read more about Emotional intelligence.

Key Learning Points

  1. Define Intelligence?
  2. Define Knowledge?
  3. What is the Difference Between Intelligence and Knowledge?
  4. What is the Definition of Emotional Intelligence?

One General Intelligence Theory: Intelligence

 Intelligence in Organisations  Comments Off on One General Intelligence Theory: Intelligence
Dec 042010
 

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

The one general intelligence theory, also know as a structural model, believes that all intelligence comes from one general factor, which, as Spearman refers to it is ‘g’. This theory was well believed, a couple are noted in the title, with the rest being; Galton, Jensen and Eysenck.

Binet and Simon

These two researchers carried out an experiment in a boy’s school in France from 1905 until 1908. During this time they tested the children with learning difficulties. The tests involved answering questions which were designed to see how these students measured in certain aspects of life. As the results showed, all of the questions depended on one another, and that is why Binet and Simon believe in one general intelligence.

Spearman

Spearman created factor analysis to further his research. He found that there was a high positive correlation between different tests of cognitive ability, including the likes of verbal tests and numeric tests. This led him to believe that each intelligence was connected into one. This he called ‘the general intelligence factor’ or for short ‘g’.

(Binet and Simon, 20th Century) (Spearman, 20th Century)

Dec 042010
 

Organisational Behaviour and Management comes with many different theories. On My Organisational Behaviour we are trying to provide you with an overview of each of these theories, as well as this I’ll be trying to add more depth in future posts. Take a look at the current available theories below:

Theories of Intelligence

Theories of Personality

Theories of Motivation

Theories of Perception

Theories of Attitudes and Behaviour