Feb 142011

Perception Definition: A perception is a belief held by a person, or many people, based upon how they see the world around them.

What is Perception?

the process of selecting, organising and interpreting information in order to make sense of the world around us

(Bratton: 2010, 500)

the dynamic and complex way in which individuals select information (stimuli) from the environment, interpret and translate it so that a  meaning is assigned which will result in a pattern of behaviour or thought

(Mullins: 2010, 829)

Perception in Organisations

Often the main aspects of perception in an organisation is how an individual views others, as this can be a major point in how that person will behave within the business. It is also a aspect of how an individual is motivated within an organisation. If they preserve people in a certain way than they may believe they are disliked, not listened to or ignored by this person and therefore their motivation to do anything will be far smaller. This is why in organisations there needs to be a way of making sure employees fit before being hired and then when they are hired their first perceptions of others need to be good.

To achieve a good first impression companies will often introduce new employees and current employees in ways which show off key skills, highlight the importance of these people to the team, so that perceptions are built around positives instead of negatives. The perceptual process is how organisations cope with the aforementioned.

Perception Process

  1. Receiving Stimuli – Picking up all external and internal factors.
  2. Selecting Stimuli – Selecting the stimuli which will be most important – This is where the introduction of new employees is important, they need to be presented in a way where the selected stimuli are positive.
  3. Organising – Grouping and selecting which are the perceptions to keep.
  4. Interpreting – Fundamental Attribution Error, stereotyping, Halo Effect and projection.
  5. Response – The perception is then turned into attitudes, motivation, feelings and beliefs, which will change the behaviours of the individuals.

Theories of Perception

Learn more about perception in organisations by looking at the following theories;

Key Learning Points

  1. What is the Definition for Perception?
  2. What is the Fundamental Attribution Error Theory?
  3. What are the Gestalt Principles?

Organisational Behaviour Theories to Learn for Exam

 Organisational Behaviour, Theories  Comments Off on Organisational Behaviour Theories to Learn for Exam
Jan 122011

The following is just a list of the Organisational Behaviour Theories that you will probably need to learn for an OB exam.

Organisational Behaviour

  • Multidisciplinary Approach
  • Fundamental Attribution Error


  • One General Intelligence
  • Theories of Multiple Intelligence
  • Emotional Intelligence


  • Predicting Job Performance
  • Cattell’s 16 Personality Factors (16PF)
  • 2 Dimensions of Personality
  • Big Five Model
  • Psyche (Freud)
  • Personality Types A and B


  • Gestalt Principles
  • Fundamental Attribution Error


  • Motivation Model
  • Common-sense 1, 2 and 3
  • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
  • Herzberg’s Two-factor Theory
  • Modified Needs Hierarchy Model
  • Achievement Motivation Theory
  • Expectancy Theory
  • Goal-setting Theory

Attitudes and Behaviour

  • Organisational Behaviour Modification
  • Social Cognitive Learning Theory
  • Single and Double-loop Learning

Job Design

  • Taylor’s Five Principles of Scientific Management
  • McDonaldization
  • Core Job Characteristics Model
  • Motivating Potential Score
  • Analysis of Job Characteristics Model

Groups and Team

  • Building an Effective Team
  • Five Conditions of Successful Teamwork
  • Stages of Team Development
  • Adair’s Three Circles
  • The Four Phases and Seven Stages of Team Development

Gestalt Principles: Perception

 Perceptions in Organisations  Comments Off on Gestalt Principles: Perception
Dec 052010

Perception Definition: A perception is a belief held by a person, or many people, based upon how they see the world around them.

Gestalt Principle Definition: The Gestalt School of Psychology was led by Max Wertheimer in Germany. This school was set up to help develop theories which could be used to make visual perceptions. Gestalt is German for ‘Unified Whole’. The theories which were developed within the school were made to try and show how people visualise elements and put them into certain groups.

Figure and Ground

This theory shows that people focus on certain aspects of a situation, therefore missing out other important parts. Take a look at some examples of this below;

Gestalt Figure The Ground


This theory proves to us that we interpret situations using experience, not just what we are seeing at that moment in time. For example, if we see each corner of a circle, but don’t actually see the circle, we will still interpret it as a circle. Take a look at some examples of this below;

Gestalt Triangle Reification


When looking at images our eyes naturally follow the line, or curve, therefore leading us to something else. This can be used on organisations and management because it shows direction, creating images that the organisation is moving forward. Take a look at some examples of this below;

Continuation Gestalt

Dec 042010

Organisational Behaviour and Management comes with many different theories. On My Organisational Behaviour we are trying to provide you with an overview of each of these theories, as well as this I’ll be trying to add more depth in future posts. Take a look at the current available theories below:

Theories of Intelligence

Theories of Personality

Theories of Motivation

Theories of Perception

Theories of Attitudes and Behaviour

Organisational Behaviour

 Expand Your Understanding, Organisational Behaviour  Comments Off on Organisational Behaviour
Dec 042010

Organisational Behaviour is a multi-disciplined approach to how an organisation works. It takes into account the personality system of a organisation, the cultural system and also the social system.

A lot has been written up about Organisational Behaviour, and many theories have been made to try and show us what the whole concept is. On this website you should hopefully get an idea of what it is, and how we use it within management to get the most of of employees and ourselves.

Take a look at the following pages to learn a bit more;

What is Organisational Behaviour?

Intelligence in Organisations

Personality in Organisations

Motivation in Organisations

Perception in Organisations

Groups and Teams in Organisations

Job Design in Organisation

Culture in Organisations