Intelligence within Organisational Behaviour: Lecture Notes

The following covers the objectives which we need to learn for the topic of ‘Intelligence’. The notes below are guidelines to what we should know, they do not go into detail, to find more detail please use the search at the top and find the corresponding theory on the website.

Objective: To critique definitions of intelligence

  • Intelligence is the capacity of an individual to process information and use the information to behave effectively. (Arnold)
  • We don’t know where intelligence comes from, is it genes? Social environment? How much is inherited?

Objective: To compare and contrast two opposing schools of thought:


Theories of Multiple Intelligences: Intelligence

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

Theories of Multiple Intelligences Definition: The theories of multiple intelligences, also known as ‘systems models of intelligence’ look into the other concepts of intelligence, instead of just concentrating on the cognitive ability theories.

Gardner (1983)

Gardner believed that there were 7 different …