Intelligence within Organisational Behaviour: Lecture Notes

The following covers the objectives which we need to learn for the topic of ‘Intelligence’. The notes below are guidelines to what we should know, they do not go into detail, to find more detail please use the search at the top and find the corresponding theory on the website.

Objective: To critique definitions of intelligence

  • Intelligence is the capacity of an individual to process information and use the information to behave effectively. (Arnold)
  • We don’t know where intelligence comes from, is it genes? Social environment? How much is inherited?

Objective: To compare and contrast two opposing schools of thought:

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Exam Questions

Here are some practice exam questions for you to practice. If you find any more, please send them to me.

Intelligence

  1. Evaluate Spearman’s contribution to our understanding of intelligence.
  2. Compare and contrast a structural model of intelligence and a systems model of intelligence.  Explain the relevance to organisational behaviour.
  3. Define three different kinds of intelligence and evaluate the practical value of each within an organisational setting.

Personality

  1. Compare and contrast two different approaches to personality.
  2. You are a manager who wants to improve performance in your team.  With reference to two different theories, explain how an understanding of personality
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One General Intelligence Theory: Intelligence

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

The one general intelligence theory, also know as a structural model, believes that all intelligence comes from one general factor, which, as Spearman refers to it is ‘g’. This theory was well believed, a couple are noted in the title, with the … Read more...