Intelligence within Organisational Behaviour: Lecture Notes

The following covers the objectives which we need to learn for the topic of ‘Intelligence’. The notes below are guidelines to what we should know, they do not go into detail, to find more detail please use the search at the top and find the corresponding theory on the website.

Objective: To critique definitions of intelligence

  • Intelligence is the capacity of an individual to process information and use the information to behave effectively. (Arnold)
  • We don’t know where intelligence comes from, is it genes? Social environment? How much is inherited?

Objective: To compare and contrast two opposing schools of thought:

Read more...

Exam Questions

Here are some practice exam questions for you to practice. If you find any more, please send them to me.

Intelligence

  1. Evaluate Spearman’s contribution to our understanding of intelligence.
  2. Compare and contrast a structural model of intelligence and a systems model of intelligence.  Explain the relevance to organisational behaviour.
  3. Define three different kinds of intelligence and evaluate the practical value of each within an organisational setting.

Personality

  1. Compare and contrast two different approaches to personality.
  2. You are a manager who wants to improve performance in your team.  With reference to two different theories, explain how an understanding of personality
Read more...

Intelligence in Organisations

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

Below are a few definitions from famous scholars.

What is Intelligence?

The capacity of individuals to process information and use the information to behave effectively (including the ability to learn from experience)

Arnold (2010)

Intelligence is what intelligence tests measure

Boring (1923)Read more...

Theories of Multiple Intelligences: Intelligence

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

Theories of Multiple Intelligences Definition: The theories of multiple intelligences, also known as ‘systems models of intelligence’ look into the other concepts of intelligence, instead of just concentrating on the cognitive ability theories.

Gardner (1983)

Gardner believed that there were 7 different … Read more...

One General Intelligence Theory: Intelligence

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

The one general intelligence theory, also know as a structural model, believes that all intelligence comes from one general factor, which, as Spearman refers to it is ‘g’. This theory was well believed, a couple are noted in the title, with the … Read more...

Emotional Intelligence Theory: Intelligence

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

Emotional Intelligence Definition: The ability to identify, integrate, understand and reflectively manage our own and other people’s feelings.

There are two views on emotional intelligence, one being from the point of view of ‘Positivists’ and the other from the point of view … Read more...

Theories

Organisational Behaviour and Management comes with many different theories. On My Organisational Behaviour we are trying to provide you with an overview of each of these theories, as well as this I’ll be trying to add more depth in future posts. Take a look at the current available theories below:

Theories of Intelligence

Theories of Personality

Theories of Motivation

Read more...