Intelligence in Organisations

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

Below are a few definitions from famous scholars.

What is Intelligence?

The capacity of individuals to process information and use the information to behave effectively (including the ability to learn from experience)

Arnold (2010)

Intelligence is what intelligence tests measure

Boring (1923)Read more...

Predicting Job Performance: Personality

Personality Definition: A personality is a mixture of a person’s characteristics, beliefs and qualities which make them who they are.

The following is information to help predict how a person will act within a job and what abilities they need to be a good employee.

  • Conscientiousness: Some argue this is a valid predictor of performance. But negatively correlated with creativity. Conscientiousness is how you act around people, how careful you are with people and your work. It’s about self-discipline, carefulness and thoroughness.
  • Emotional Stability: Has been said that it is positively associated with job performance. Emotional stability refers to whether
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Fundamental Attribution Error

Personality Definition: A personality is a mixture of a person’s characteristics, beliefs and qualities which make them who they are.

Fundamental Attribution Error Definition: The tendency to focus on the individual and reasons why they did something, based upon their personality, whilst overlooking external factors, such as social aspects and contextual influences.

The Fundamental Attribution Error often means there are false reason why something happened, we have to look into why something happened, but look at it in a broad way, not just straight away looking into people’s minds and behaviour. We must look at the external influences to gain … Read more...

Goal-setting Theory: Motivation

Motivation Definition: The reason or reasons to act in a particular way. It is what makes us do things and carry out tasks for the organisation. However, motivation is often used as an excuse, a lack of motivation for not doing anything. This is why in an organisation discipline needs to be used, to inspire the fact that motivation isn’t always needed, but discipline to get the job done is.

Goal-Setting Theory Definition: This theory has established four main propositions, which help to explain work behaviour, why people strive to try and meet their goals and why people don’t work … Read more...

Theories of Multiple Intelligences: Intelligence

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

Theories of Multiple Intelligences Definition: The theories of multiple intelligences, also known as ‘systems models of intelligence’ look into the other concepts of intelligence, instead of just concentrating on the cognitive ability theories.

Gardner (1983)

Gardner believed that there were 7 different … Read more...

One General Intelligence Theory: Intelligence

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

The one general intelligence theory, also know as a structural model, believes that all intelligence comes from one general factor, which, as Spearman refers to it is ‘g’. This theory was well believed, a couple are noted in the title, with the … Read more...

Emotional Intelligence Theory: Intelligence

Intelligence Definition: This is a persons ability to take on board and develop knowledge to be applied to certain tasks and skills. Many people confuse knowledge with intelligence, seeing knowledgeable people as the most intelligent ones, however we must remember that intelligence is the ability to acquire information and skills, not just remember information when it suits them.

Emotional Intelligence Definition: The ability to identify, integrate, understand and reflectively manage our own and other people’s feelings.

There are two views on emotional intelligence, one being from the point of view of ‘Positivists’ and the other from the point of view … Read more...

Reinforcement Theory: Attitudes and Behaviour


Attitudes Definition: An attitude is a way of thinking or feeling about something, a certain state of mind at the time.

Behaviours Definition: Behaviour is defined as the way one acts towards themselves and others around them. To link the two we could say that due to the attitude a person has towards spiders, he/she may behave differently.

Reinforcement Theory Definition: The main aspect of the reinforcement theory is that when behaviour is reinforced, then it will be repeated and used again, when if the behaviour is not reinforced, then that behaviour will continue you the same and not … Read more...

Theories

Organisational Behaviour and Management comes with many different theories. On My Organisational Behaviour we are trying to provide you with an overview of each of these theories, as well as this I’ll be trying to add more depth in future posts. Take a look at the current available theories below:

Theories of Intelligence

Theories of Personality

Theories of Motivation

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What is Organisational Behaviour?

Organisational Behaviour has a few different definitions, depending on where you look. For this reason I have decided to add a couple of these definitions to the page, as this will give us all a better look at what Organisational Behaviour actually is.

The systematic study of formal organizations and of what people think, feel and do in and around organizations.

Bratton et al (2010)

An interdisciplinary body of knowledge and field of research, concerned with how formal organizations, behaviour of people within organizations, and salient features of their context and environment, evolve and take shape, why all these things Read more...